Texas A&M AgriLife is developing an inexpensive and easy-to-use mobile app and irrigation management system to help agricultural producers increase water-use efficiency and continue producing cotton.

The new project is funded by the Texas A&M Water Seed Grant Initiative and is titled "A Novel Sensor- and Crop-Model-Based Decision Support Tool for Efficient Irrigation Management."

The app is being developed in the Texas Rolling Plains region, which produces about 13% of the state's cotton, said Srinivasulu Ale, Texas A&M AgriLife Research geospatial hydrologist and lead investigator on the project in Vernon.

Yet that cotton production faces challenges from recurring droughts and declining groundwater levels in the Seymour Aquifer. Furthermore, projected warmer and drier weather in the future will require larger groundwater withdrawals to meet crop water demands, Ale said.

To sustain cotton production in this region, he said, producers must adopt efficient water-use irrigation strategies.

Design and development of mobile app

Joining Ale on the project will be Curtis Adams, AgriLife Research crop physiologist; Emi Kimura, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service agronomist; and Yubing Fan, AgriLife Research postdoctoral research associate, all in Vernon. Also, Jim Wall, executive director, and Keith Biggers, director of computing and information technology, both at the Texas A&M Center for Applied Technology in College Station, will provide expertise.

The project is partnering with the Gateway Groundwater Conservation District in Quanah and the Rolling Plains Cotton Growers Inc. in Stamford.

"Our goal is to deliver a product to cotton producers that can greatly improve their irrigation management, but is simple and accessible," Adams said.

Most irrigation support tools have limitations that make them less useful to producers in some way, he said, and this project's goal is to improve on existing technologies using a novel approach.

"Our app will collect crop information from sensors mounted on center pivot systems, use weather data from online sources, and provide a number of potential combinations of real-time updated deficit- or full-irrigation schedules and economic outcomes," Biggers said. "Producers can choose an irrigation strategy that best suits their well capacities and expected returns."

This field information will be used in conjunction with the historic and projected short-term future weather data over the growing season in crop and economic models to estimate projected cotton yield, irrigation levels and net returns under different irrigation management strategies.

Considering short- and long-term weather forecasts

"To our knowledge, none of the existing apps use projected short-term weather forecasts in generating real-time irrigation schedules, and our proposed app does that," Ale said.

Once validated using data from a field experiment, the proposed system will be evaluated further by selected producers under different crop conditions, soils, irrigation capacities and weather.

Wall said their plan is to have the app developed by the end of this year, test it in producers' fields in summer 2021, and release it in fall 2021.

Kimura estimates if producers adopt the tool on 200,000 acres of irrigated land in the Rolling Plains, it potentially could save millions of gallons of groundwater and extend the economic life of the Seymour Aquifer.

"But we don't think its viability will be limited to the Rolling Plains," Ale said. "We expect the proposed system to allow modifications to include other row crops and for use in other crop production regions of Texas and beyond."

Texas A&M AgriLife photo by Kay Ledbetter

Increasing water-use efficiency in cotton will be the focus of a new study at the Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center at Vernon.

Texas A&M AgriLife photo by Kay Ledbetter

Weather data collected in the field over the growing season will be used to help identify the proper irrigation management strategy.

(0) comments

Welcome to the discussion.

Keep it Clean. Please avoid obscene, vulgar, lewd, racist or sexually-oriented language.
PLEASE TURN OFF YOUR CAPS LOCK.
Don't Threaten. Threats of harming another person will not be tolerated.
Be Truthful. Don't knowingly lie about anyone or anything.
Be Nice. No racism, sexism or any sort of -ism that is degrading to another person.
Be Proactive. Use the 'Report' link on each comment to let us know of abusive posts.
Share with Us. We'd love to hear eyewitness accounts, the history behind an article.